"The Iraqi government received this news with the utmost worry and warns about this decision's ramifications on the stability of the region and the world", the Iraqi cabinet said in a statement.
Still, the declaration of Jerusalem as Israel's capital carries deep symbolic significance and could have dangerous consequences.
In Australia, curious tourists are often shocked to find Sydney is not actually the capital city, and usually told the inland city of Canberra was built as the "bush capital" as a compromise somewhere between Australia's largest city and its competitor to the south, Melbourne.
Prime Minister Charles Michel of Belgium called the American decision on the Paris Accords "a brutal act", assuring his readers on Twitter that his country is "not forsaking commitment".
In the West Bank town of Bethlehem, angry Palestinians switched off Christmas lights at Jesus' traditional birthplace.
"While I recognize that you will publicly welcome this news, I ask that you restrain your official response", the document dated Dec. 6 said in talking points for diplomats at the U.S. Embassy in Tel Aviv to convey to Israeli officials.
"The most significant reason, which all politicians agreed with at the time, was that whites could only really thrive and lead by living in a cold climate", historian David Headon told the Australian Geographic.
Critics argue the president's action could spark unrest in the region.
In a move condemned by most of the world, Donald Trump has announced the US will recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
Pope Francis said he was "profoundly concerned" and appealed that "everyone respects the status quo of the city".
In Israel, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said his nation was "profoundly grateful" and Trump's announcement was an "important step toward peace".
"Mr Trump! Jerusalem is a red line for Muslims", Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said in a raucous televised speech on Tuesday, echoing alarm expressed by Palestinian and Arab leaders. Britain said the move would not help peace efforts and Jerusalem should ultimately be shared by Israel and a future Palestinian state.
Ever since it captured (and later annexed) East Jerusalem in the 1967 six-day war, Israel has claimed the city as its "eternal and undivided" capital, and have longed for international recognition. Jerusalem is home to sites sacred to Muslims, Jews and Christians and its status is one of the thorniest obstacles to reaching a peace deal between Israel and the Palestinians.
Trump's national security advisers met last month to settle on a recommendation on Jerusalem, a person familiar with the meeting said.
He cited several: the Western Wall that surrounded the Jews' ancient Temple, the Stations of the Cross that depict Jesus along his crucifixion path, and the Al-Aqsa Mosque where Muslims say their Prophet Muhammad ascended to heaven.
Trump made his announcement now largely because he faced another deadline to waive a 1995 law requiring the U.S.to move its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, the two officials said.
Trump reversed decades of US policy in recognising Jerusalem as Israel's capital in defiance of warnings from around the world that the gesture risks creating aggravating conflict in a chronically volatile Middle East.
A U.S. official who spoke on condition of anonymity said it was standard to set up a task force "any time there is a concern about the safety and security of U.S. government personnel or U.S. citizens".
Among the landmarks are the Palace of Peace and Harmony - a concrete and glass pyramid designed by Norman Foster that boasts a 1,500-seat opera venue.
The state TV's website quoted Ayatollah Ali Khamenei as saying that "the victory will ultimately be for the Islamic nation and Palestine".
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